Yoga

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10

ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)

वैराग्याज्जायते ज्ञानं ज्ञानाद्योगः प्रवर्तते || 36 ||
योगज्ञः पतितो वापि मुच्यते नात्र संशयः | 37
From non-attachment emerges knowledge, from knowledge, Yoga prevails. One who knows Yoga, even if fallen, get released (liberated from the cycle of births and deaths), there is no doubt about this.

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Four legs of Dharma

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10

ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)

ज्ञानं क्रिया च चर्या च योगश्चेति सुरेश्वरि |
चतुष्पादः समाख्यातो मम धर्मस्सनातनः || 30 ||
पशुपाशपतिज्ञानं ज्ञानमित्यभिधीयते |
षडध्वशुद्धिर्विधिना गुर्वधीना क्रियोच्यते || 31 ||
वर्णाश्रमप्रयुक्तस्य मयैव विहितस्य च |
ममार्चनादिधर्मस्य चर्या चर्येति कथ्यते || 32 ||
मदुक्तेनैव मार्गेण मय्यवस्थितचेतसः |
वृत्त्यंतरनिरोधो यो योग इत्यभिधीयते || 33 ||
Goddess of the Devas, knowledge, Kriya/procedures and Charya/conduct/behaviour and Yoga – these are called the four legs of my eternal Dharma.
Knowledge of pashu (being), cord (that which ties a living being), lordship is called knowledge. Shadadhva purification (initiation) procedure depending on a Guru is called Kriya (procedure).Behaviour according to Varnashrama Dharma determined by me only and activities related to my worship, etc. is called Charya (conduct).

On the path spoken by me, with the mind fixed in me, suppression/prevention of chitta/thinking, that is called Yoga.

Bhagavat Purana lists truth, compassion, penance and charity as the four legs of Dharma in one shloka, and austerity, purity, mercy and truth in another shloka.

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Faith

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10

ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)

न कर्मणा न तपसा न जपैर्नासनादिभिः |
न ज्ञानेन न चान्येन वश्योऽहं श्रद्धया विना || 15 ||
श्रद्धा मय्यस्ति चेत्पुंसां येन केनापि हेतुना |
वश्यः स्पृश्यश्च दृश्यश्च पूज्यस्संभाष्य एव च || 16 ||
साध्या तस्मान्मयि श्रद्धा मां वशीकर्तुमिच्छता |
श्रद्धा हेतुस्स्वधर्मस्य रक्षणं वर्णिनामिह || 17 ||
स्ववर्णाश्रमधर्मेण वर्तते यस्तु मानवः |
तस्यैव भवति श्रद्धा मयि नान्यस्य कस्यचित् || 18 ||
I am not brought under control without faith, not by deeds, not by penance, not by japa (chanting), not by postures, etc., not by knowledge and not by other (means).
If one has faith in me for just any purpose, for controlling, for touching, for seeing, and for worshipping and for hearing (me), (it can control me).
Those who want to control me should therefore try to achieve my faith. To achieve that faith, (one should) protect/follow one’s Varnashrama Dharma (duties of different professions at different ages) on the earth.
A human who follows his Varnashrama Dharma, only he gets my faith, and nobody else.

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Unperishable

पशुपतित्वज्ञानयोगो नाम पंचमोऽध्यायः
Pashupati lordship knowledge Chapter 5

उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)

क्षरस्सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थोऽक्षर उच्यते | 11
All living beings (are) perishable/temporary, (while) the unchanging (supreme soul) is called eternal/permanent.

The same half-shloka appears in Bhagavad Gita in Chapter 15, shloka 16.

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Shiva and Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4

उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)

यथा न जायते पुत्रः पितरं मातरं विना |
तथा भवं भवानीं च विना नैतच्चराचरम् | 37
Just as a son is not born without a father (and) a mother, there (would be) no living and non-living beings (world) without Lord Shiva and the supreme Goddess Uma.

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Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4

उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)

तस्माच्छक्तिमयं सर्वं जगत्स्थावरजंगमम् | 29
Therefore the whole universe, living and non-living beings, is of the form of energy.

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Shiva and Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4

उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)

एवं परस्परापेक्षा शक्तिशक्तिमतोः स्थिता |
न शिवेन विना शक्तिर्न शक्त्या च विना शिवः || 12 ||
In this way (just as sunlight and sun) Goddess Shakti and Shaktiman (Lord Shiva) exist depending on each other. No Lord Shiva without Goddess Shakti and no Goddess Shakti without Lord Shiva.

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